1. What and who is ORCID?
ORCID (Open Researcher and Contributor iD) is an international, interdisciplinary, non-proprietary, and not-for-profit organization created by the research community for the benefit of all stakeholders, including you and the organizations that support the research ecosystem.
It provides a persistent digital identifier (an ORCID iD) that distinguishes you from other researchers, and a record that supports automatic links among all your professional activities. Your ORCID iD and connections are stored in the ORCID Registry, in an account you own and manage.
The iD is publisher-independent and can be used by researchers permanently and indepently of the institution for their scientific output. Registration is via https://orcid.org and is open to all.
ORCID links more than 4 million researchers to their research output. The member institutions of ORCID consist of research institutions, funding organizations, publishers and database producers.
2. What is the difference between ORCID and ORCID iD?
There is a semantic difference between ORCID and ORCID iD. ORCID is the identifier system, directory or organization. The ORCID iD is the actual alpha-numeric identifier.
Example: I have obtained my ORCID iD by registering at ORCID for an available iD.
3. Why ORCID?
With the aid of an ORCID iD, researchers can be clearly identified. For institutions, this entails a gain in visibility of research. Publication lists can be easily created and managed. By appointing so-called "trusted parties", publication metadata can be automatically transferred to the researchers' ORCID records, if necessary also to the institution's own repository.
4. What are the benefits of getting and using an ORCID iD?
The ORCID iD is a standardised, internationally recognized and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes you from other researchers and provides a mechanism to link your research results and activities to your iD.
Publications and applications bearing your ORCID iD are thus clearly assigned to your authorship. This increases visibility and appreciation of your publications.
Many publishers and funding organisations have already started to request an ORCID iD - still on a voluntary basis - when submitting their manuscripts and research proposals. Use your ORCID iD when submitting a manuscript to a publisher. If the publication receives a DOI (via Crossref or DataCite) and your ORCID iD is stored in the metadata, a notification will be sent to your ORCID inbox. You will then be asked for permission whether Crossref or DataCite may automatically update the ORCID record on the publication. In this way, you can easily keep your ORCID record up to date.
If you deposit your ORCID iD in ZORA and link your publications, you can simply create your publication list via ORCID iD, and then integrate the list on your website.
ORCID supports the data exchange and linking between different systems. In your ORCID record, for example, you can import your works from various bibliographic databases and sources to create a complete list of your publications. You can also combine author identifiers of other systems (Scopus Author ID, ResearcherID (Web of Science), ISNI and others) under the ORCID iD umbrella.
Many bibliographic databases can be searched by ORCID iD – hence, searching for specific authors is simplified.
5. What are the benefits for UZH or any other institution if I use an ORCID iD?
Your membership at ORCID supports UZH in
- improving the metadata quality of your publications
- correctly attributing scientific publications to all contributors
- evaluating research output and (international) collaborations
- academic reporting (AKABER)
- the tracking, identification and archiving of scientific publications
6. Are there any downsides to ORCID?
Through self-registration it is theoretically possible to register several ORCID iDs, which is against the principle of unambiguous identification. The registration mechanism of ORCID tries to detect duplicate accounts and offers to merge them in such cases.
Self-registration also means that currently, only living persons receive an ORCID iD. Deceased authors are not registered in ORCID, because this system is still young. Thus, the search in databases for publications of such authors is not simplified.
Registration requires additional effort. This is worthwhile, since more and more funding organisations and publishers are introducing ORCID as standard.
Regarding the argument that ORCID contributes to the trend of quantitative research evaluation, it should be noted that the University of Zurich is a co-signatory of the San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment (DORA). DORA recommends that quantitative metrics be used responsibly in the evaluation of research. Complete, transparent data is needed as a basis for research evaluation. With the help of a standard such as ORCID, research achievements can be clearly identified. In this context, the British study "The Metric Tide: Report of the Independent Review of the Role of Metrics in Research Assessment and Management (2015)" explicitly referred to ORCID.
7. When I create an ORCID record, what information do I need to disclose?
When you register your ORCID iD, only two items are required: your first name and your email address. These data are required in order to identify you. You can also choose to add your last or family name (if you have one) and additional email addresses that you use. You also choose the default visibility setting for any new data added to your ORCID record. The default visibility of your email address(es) is "only me".
Read more at ORCID Privacy Settings
8. What information is publicly visible on my ORCID record?
For each individual piece of information in your ORCID record, you can use the button to set whether it is
only visible to trusted persons and institutions
or only visible to you
You can view what your public record looks like by clicking on the "View public version" link beneath your ORCID iD at the top left of your record.
Read more at ORCID Privacy Settings
9. How is the authenticity of the ORCID iD guaranteed?
When registering for an ORCID account, a valid email address must be provided. The account is verified with the help of a confirmation link that is sent by email to this address. The address is used as the main address for the account and for logging in to the account.
10. Can I delete my ORCID iD?
You may close your ORCID account at any time by deactivating your record. When you deactivate your ORCID account, an email will be sent to your primary emaill address and you have to confirm the deactivation. All information on the account will be deleted. However, ORCID will continue to store your email addresses in case you decide to reactivate your account in the future. You can ask the ORCID Support for assistance removing your addresses after deactivating your account.
Since the ORCID iD is a unique and persistent identifier, it is not deleted or reassigned. In the ORCID profile, no personal information is displayed in a deactivated profile except the ORCID iD. If an account has been deactivated, it is not possible to create a new account with the same email address. This avoids duplicates. In the case of a duplicate account, a merge (see question 11) should be performed instead of a deactivation.
11. I have several ORCID iDs, what should I do?
We recommend that you merge your accounts and only use one ORCID iD.
ORCID users can merge accounts themselves if they remember all login data. If this is not the case, please contact the ORCID Support Team.
Log in to the ORCID account you want to keep and select "Remove duplicate" under Account settings. Enter the ORCID iD of the duplicate account or the email address you used to create the account. Then click on "Remove record". The account will not be deleted, but kept as an obsolete account referring to your active account (example of an obsolete account: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6151-2200).
12. I have moved from another institution to UZH, can I continue to use my existing ORCID account?
Yes, you can. You don't have to register a new ORCID iD.
Log in to your ORCID account. In the left column, select the pen next to "Emails" to edit your email addresses. Enter your UZH address and set it as the primary email address via the "Set Primary" link. Using the selection menu, you can set your previous email address(es) as "Past".
13. How should an ORCID iD be displayed?
An ORCID iD should be displayed as a complete URI as hyperlink. Ideally, the ORCID iD icon should be placed before the URI. The icon can be downloaded in different versions from the ORCID repository. The ORCID logo and icon should not be edited or changed.
14. How should ORCID be pronounced?
IPA Transcription: [‚ɔʀkɪt]
15. Where do I find further information about ORCID and ZORA?
Please have a look at the FAQs about ORCID ORCID and ZORAin ZORA.