Principles & Initiatives

Various initiatives and declarations lead to a binding engagement on Open Access and advocate the implementation specifically.
Further information can be found directly on the specific websites.

Budapest OA Initiative

The Budapest Open Access Initiative arises from a small but lively meeting convened in Budapest by the Open Society Institute (OSI) on December 1-2, 2001. The purpose of the meeting was to accelerate progress in the international effort to make research articles in all academic fields freely available on the internet.

Berlin Declaration

The Berlin Declaration was formulated at a meeting in Berlin (20-22.10.2003). The declaration was originally signed by German and other research organisations and has since found many more institutional signatories worldwide.

Washington DC Principles

The Washington DC Principles for Free Access to Science formulate the common goal of nonprofit organisations in the medical, scientific and publishing sector.

Bethesda Statement

The Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing is the summary of a conference held on April 11, 2003.

OECD Declaration

Declaration of the OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) about access to publicly funded research data. 

ALL European Academies

ALLEA has published a statement on Open Science. All member organizations - from Switzerland the Swiss Academies of Arts and Sciences - are active in various fields of open science.


The  League of European Research Universities (LERU)  has released an online petition and calls upon the European Commission (EC) and the forthcoming Dutch EU presidency to work intensively together with all stakeholders involved in the topic of Open Access. The aim is to clarify the issues of Business Models for Open Access publishing models and embargo periods for Green Open Access. The University of Zurich as well as a lot of UZH-researchers have signed this petition besides more than 8´400 other researchers and organisations and give a clear signal towards the connection with European partners.